COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (CBT)
What is Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)?
Cognitive behavior therapy is a form of talk therapy that focuses on the connection between a person’s thoughts, behaviors and feelings. It is one of the few forms of psychotherapy that has been scientifically researched and found to be effective in hundreds of clinical trials for many different disorders to include but not limited to: depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol and drug related disorders and mood disorders
How does Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) differ from other forms of talk therapy?
CBT is more focused on present issues, more time-limited, solution-focused and problem-solving as well as goal oriented. During therapy sessions (individual and group) clients learn to utilize specific skills that they can apply to their lives for symptoms reduction. These skills involve identifying distorted thinking patterns, modifying beliefs, relating to others in different ways, and changing negative behaviors.
What is the theory behind CBT?
Cognitive behavior therapy is based on the cognitive model: the way we perceive situations influences how we feel emotionally.
For example, someone being asked to reschedule a meeting might think “I am not being respected” and feel angry. Another person might think “another day will give me more time to prepare” and feel happy. So it is not a situation that directly affects how people feel emotionally, but rather perception of that situation. When individuals are in distress, their perception is often skewed and their thoughts may become irrational, overly negative or overwhelming and obsessive.